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AP ~ Ancient Mediterranean

12*White Temple and its ziggurat
3500 - 3000 BCE

Sumerian

mud brick
Uruk (Modern Warka, Iraq)

12*White Temple and its ziggurat
3500 - 3000 BCE

Sumerian

reconstruction drawing
Uruk (Modern Warka, Iraq)

13*Palette of King Narmer ~ front
c. 3000 - 2920 BCE

predynastic Egypt

Greywacke

13*Palette of King Narmer ~ back
c. 3000 - 2920 BCE

predynastic Egypt

Greywacke

14*Votive Statues from the Square Temple @Eshnunna
2700 BCE

Sumerian
12 inches + / gypsum inlaid
with shell & black limestone
modern Tell Asmar, Iraq

15*Seated Scribe
c. 2620 - 2500 BCE

Old Kingdom
Fourth dynasty
painted limestone
Saqqara, Egypt

16*Standard of Ur from the Royal Tombs @ Ur
c. 2600 - 2400 BCE

Sumerian
wood inlaid with shell,
lapis lazuli, and red limest
modern Tell el-Muqayyar, Iraq

16*Standard of Ur from the Royal Tombs @ Ur
c. 2600 - 2400 BCE

Sumerian
wood inlaid with shell,
lapis lazuli, and red limesto
modern Tell el-Muqayyar, Iraq

17*Great Pyramids with Sphinx
c. 2550 - 2490/Four
for Khufu, Khafre, Menkaura
Old Kingdom

cut limestone
Giza, Egypt

17*Great Pyramids of Giza
c. 2550 - 2490/Four
for Khufu, Khafre, Menkaura
Old Kingdom

cut limestone / plan
Giza, Egypt

18*King Menkaura and Queen
c. 2490 - 2472/Four

Old Kingdom

Greywacke

19*The Stele (Code) of Hammurabi
c. 1792 - 1750 BCE

Mesopotamian
Babylonian
Basalt / 9 feet tall
Susian (modern Iran)

20*Temple of Amun-Re and Hypostyle Hall
T: c.1550 BCE / H:

New Kingdom
18th and 19th Dynasties
cut sandstone and mud brick
Karnak, near Luxor, Egypt

20*Temple of Amun-Re and Hypostyle Hall
T: c.1550 BCE / H:

New Kingdom
18th and 19th Dynasties
cut sandstone and mud brick
Karnak, near Luxor, Egypt

20*Temple of Amun-Re and Hypostyle Hall
T: c.1550 BCE / H:

New Kingdom

plan
Karnak, near Luxor, Egypt

21*Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut
c. 1473 - 1458 BCE
18th Dynasty
New Kingdom
part carved into rock cliff
Sandstone and red granite
Near Luxor, Egypt

21*Kneeling Statue of Hatshepsut
c. 1473 - 1458 B
18th Dynasty
New Kingdom

Red granite
Near Luxor, Egypt

22*Akhenaton, Nefertiti, and 3 daughters
c. 1353 - 1335 BCE
18th Dynasty
New Kingdom
Amarna
Limestone relief carving

23*Tutankhamun Tomb ~ innermost coffin
c. 1323 BCE
18th Dynasty
Egyptian
New Kingdom
gold with inlay of enamel and
semiprecious stones

24*Last Judgment of Hu-Nefer, from his tomb
c. 1275 BCE
from BOOK OF THE DEAD
New Kingdom

painted papyrus scroll

25*Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II
c. 720 - 705 BCE
Dur Sharrukin
Mesopotamian
Neo-Assyrian
Alabaster / 15 feet tall
modern Khorsabad, Iraq

26*Athenian Agora
600 BCE - 150 CE

Archaic - Hellenistic Greek

site plan

27*Anavyson Kouros
c. 530 BCE

Greek
Archaic
Marble with paint remnants

28*Peplos Kore from the Acropolis
c. 530 BCE

Greek
Archaic
Marble, w/ painted details

29*Sarcophagus of the Spouses
c. 520 BCE

Roman
Etruscan
Terra cotta

30*(Apadana) Audience Hall of Darius and Xerxes
c. 520 - 465 BCE

Persian

Limestone
Persepolis, Iran

30*Apadana Stairway @ Palace at Persepolis
c. 520 - 465 BCE

Persian

Limestone
Persepolis, Iran

31*Temple of Minerva
c. 510 - 500 BCE
temple plan
Roman
Etruscan
orignally wood/mud brick/tufa
Veii (near Rome, Italy)

31*Temple of Minerva
c. 510 - 500 BCE
temple plan with elevation
Roman
Etruscan
originally wood/mudbrick/tuf
Veii (near Rome, Italy)

31*Apollo of Veii
c. 510 - 500 BCE
Master sculptor Vulca
Roman
Etruscan
Terra cotta
Veii (near Rome, Italy)

32*Tomb of Triclinium
c. 480 - 470 BCE

Roman
Etruscan
Tufa (volcanic rock) & fresco
Tarquinia, Italy

33*Niobides Krater
c. 460 - 450 BCE
Anonymous / Niobid painter
Greek
Classical
clay / red-figure technique
w/ white highlights

33*Niobides Krater
c. 460 - 450 BCE
Anonymous / Niobid painter
Greek
Classical
clay / red-figure technique
w/ white highlights

34*Doryphoros (Spear Bearer)
original 450 - 440
Polykleitos
Greek
Classical
Greek -- Bronze
Roman copy -- Marble

35*Athenian Acropolis
c. 447 - 410 BCE
Iktinos and Kallikrates
Greek
Classical
plan
Athens, Greece

35*Parthenon
c. 447 - 410 BCE
Iktinos and Kallikrates
Greek Classical
Doric Temple
Marble
Athens, Greece

35*Helios, horses, and Dyonisus (Heracles?)
c. 447 - 410 BCE
Iktinos and Kallikrates
Greek
Classical
Marble -- Pediment sculpture
Athens, Greece

35*Temple of Athena-Nike
c. 447 - 410 BCE
Kallicrates
Greek Classical
Ionic Temple
Marble
Athens, Greece

35*Victory Adjusting her Sandal
c. 447 - 410 BCE

Greek
Classical
Marble frieze
Athens, Greece

35*Plaque of the Ergastines
c. 447 - 410 BCE

Greek
Classical
Marble frieze
Athens, Greece

36*Grave Stele of Hegeso
c. 410 BCE
attributed by Kallimachos
Greek
Classical
Marble and paint

37*Winged Victory of Samothrace
c. 190 BCE

Greek
Hellenistic
All Marble / standing on boat
in the Louvre

38*Great Altar of Zeus and Athena at Pergamon
c. 175 BCE
now--Pergamon Museum/Berlin
Greek
Hellenistic
Marble
Asia Minor /present-day Turkey

38*Athena in Battle from the Altar of Zeus
c. 175 BCE

Greek
Hellenistic
Marble
Asia Minor / now in Berlin

38*Great Altar of Zeus and Athena at Pergamon
c. 175 BCE

Greek
Hellenistic
plan
Asia Minor /present-day Turkey

39*House of the Vetti
rebuilt c. 62 - 79
c. second century
Roman
Imperial
cut stone and fresco
Pompeii, Italy

39*House of the Vetti
rebuilt c. 62 - 79
c. second century BCE
Roman
Imperial
cut stone and fresco
Pompeii, Italy

39*House of the Vetti frescoes
rebuilt c. 62 - 79
c.second century BCE
Roman
Imperial
cut stone and fresco
Pompeii, Italy

40*Alexander in Battle
c. 100 BCE
in the House of the Faun
Roman
Republic
Mosaic
Pompeii, Italy

41*Seated Boxer
100 BCE

Greek
Hellenistic
Bronze

42*Head of a Roman Patrician
c. 75-50 BCE

Roman
Republic
Marble

43*Augustus of Prima Porta (with Cupid)
Early first century

Roman
Imperial
Marble

44*Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater)
70-80 CE

Roman
Imperial
Stone and Concrete
Rome, Italy

44*Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater)
70-80 CE

Roman
Imperial
Stone and Concrete

45*Forum of Trajan (reconstruction drawing)
106 - 112 CE
Apollodorus of Damascus
Roman
Imperial
brick and concrete
Rome, Italy

45*Forum of Trajan (reconstruction drawing)
106 - 112 CE
Apollodorus of Damascus
Roman
Imperial
brick and concrete
Rome, Italy

45*Trajan Markets
106 - 112 CE
Apollodorus of Damascus
Roman
Imperial
brick and concrete
Rome, Italy

45*Column of Trajan
106 - 113 CE

Roman
Imperial
Marble (was painted)
Rome, Italy

46*Pantheon
118 - 125 CE

Roman
Imperial
Concrete with stone facing
Rome, Italy

46*Pantheon -- Interior
118 - 125 CE

Roman
Imperial
Concrete with stone facing
Rome, Italy

47*Ludovisi Battle Sarcophagus
c. 250 CE

Roman
Late Imperial
Marble


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